Asperger and Autism fall under the umbrella name, ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder), which, is different degrees of Autism, yet the spectrum with ASD is huge.
Asperger is a milder form of Autism.
Asperger's syndrome falls under this category but is a condition without simultaneous intellectual impediment but affects, among other things, their ability to relate to others and in communication in general.
Asperger is primarily characterized by difficulties in social communication and interaction, a different perception of sensory impressions, stereotypical behaviors and/ or narrow, limited interests, which usually develops during early childhood.
People with ASD, with a normal or high level of function, often have an uneven ability. Skills that can seem simple to others can be difficult to very difficult for these individuals, while on the other hand, they can be very gifted/ talented in other areas, such as science or information technology. They can struggle to pass one subject and reach significantly higher levels in others.
Some people with ASD can both be withdrawn and uninterested in the outside world while others seek social interaction and try to have contact with others. Should they want social interaction, they often have difficulty understanding non-verbal signals such as facial expressions, body language and/ or gestures, i.e unable to read between the lines.These limitations can make it difficult to develop and maintain functioning social relationships in the longer term.
It is very common to find some sort of unusual language development or language comprehension. Some start to talk extremely early and can sometimes express themselves very differently than others; they can seem somewhat aloof to the outside and their practice of the language differs from the norm. Others may start talking late or not at all.
Many find it difficult to follow what is said in a conversation or to grasp the meaning of the conversation or instruction. Some talk a lot, loudly or quietly without flow in their language.
The difficulties with social interaction can make it difficult for them in a conversation to incorporate the other's feelings and/ or interest.
It is very common when you have ASD, that you interpret the language literally, even if you suffer from a mild form of Asperger, you misunderstand jokes, usage of the words, and metaphors.
Expressions such as "jump in the shower" or "hit the shower" or"the straw that broke the camels back" can then sound incomprehensible and completely without sense.